The Royal Government of Cambodia plays active roles in coping with the health problems of workers with a view to providing the health care services with accurate system. Since 1997, through the presence of the Labour Law, all enterprises/establishments shall require to have services from department of occupational safety and health with a view to organizing to have the emergency service and first-aid for its workers.

In 2009, the Royal Government of Cambodia allows GRET to implement Health Insurance Project (HIP) as a partnership with Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training and GMAC, sponsored by AFD, to launch the pilot project of health care for garment workers, which is borne by the National Social Security Fund in the aim of conducting survey and gaining the working experience prior to the national implementation.

Since 2011, in the event of workers’ faintness occurred in some garment and footwear enterprises/establishments involving the majority of workers’ health problem. Visibly, Samdech Akkes Sena Padie Decho Hun Sen, prime minister of the Kingdom of Cambodia, agreed to organize the implementation of Health Insurance Scheme with a view to promoting the workers’ health, dated 27 August 2001.

On 13 May 2013, the Governing Body of the National Social Security Fund decided unanimously on Organization of the Implementation of Social Health Insurance (SHI Road Map) approved by both of ministries (under the technics of Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training and the finance of Ministry of Economy and Finance) with a view to implementing the Health Insurance Project (HIP) in late September 2013 which is borne by the National Social Security Fund.

The achievements of its effort, the Health Insurance Project (HIP) for 11 enterprises/establishments with 7,200 works was transferred to the National Social Security Fund on October 2013. Nowadays, the National Social Security Fund has been organizing team work to go to the garment and footwear factories with a view to collecting the data of workers for determining workers’ identity code precisely, managing conveniently, and gaining the health care services with quality, transparency, accountability, and effectiveness for the implementation of health care insurance in early 2015.